Building History

Ancient Architecture

Architecture during the Medieval times of the Middle Ages saw many innovative changes from the Romanesque style of architecture to the Gothic style of architecture. Romanesque architecture was the name given to the style of architecture used in very early Middle Ages when much of these developments were pioneered by the Normans and their prolific castle building. Romanesque Architecture was succeeded by Gothic, or Perpendicular style of architecture of the later Middle Ages (1066 - 1485)  


The characteristics of the different types of Medieval Architecture are as follows:

Romanesque Architecture - 1066 to 1200 - Romanesque architecture is characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns. Romanesque architects and builders generally used round arches and only very occasionally employed slightly pointed ones.

Gothic Architecture - 1200 to 1500 - Gothic architecture is characterized by stained-glass windows, gargoyles, flying buttresses, tall spires, turrets and pointed arches.


Alchin, L.K.

Medieval Life and Times

e.g., Retrieved January 16, 2009, from


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